The university was founded in 1879. It has the highest proportion of foreign students out of universities in Germany, with 20.9% in the summer semester of 2007, roughly 5,598 students. The university alumni and professor list include National Academies elections, two National Medal of Science laureates and ten Nobel Prize winners.
The TU Berlin is a member of TU9, an incorporated society of the largest and most notable German institutes of technology and of the Top Industrial Managers for Europe network, which allows for student exchanges between leading European engineering schools. It also belongs to the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research. As of 2013, TU Berlin is ranked 41st (2012: 45th) in the world in the field of Engineering & Technology and 1st in Germany (46th worldwide) in Mathematics according to QS World University Rankings. The university is known for its high ranked engineering programmes, especially in mechanical engineering and engineering management.