It was established in 1971 following the division of the University of Paris (Sorbonne), and is a principal heir to its Faculty of Sciences. The French cultural revolution of 1968, commonly known as “the French May”, resulted in the division of the world’s second oldest academic institution, the University of Paris, into thirteen autonomous universities.
UPMC is the largest scientific and medical complex in France, active in many fields of research with scope and achievements at the highest level, as demonstrated by the many awards regularly won by UPMC researchers, and the many international partnerships it maintains across all five continents. Several university rankings have regularly put UPMC at the 1st place in France, and it has been ranked as one of the top universities in the world. The ARWU has ranked UPMC as the 1st in France, 6th in Europe and 37th in the world and also 5th in the field of mathematics, 41st in the field of physics, 14th in the field of natural sciences and between 51st to 75th in the world in the field of engineering, technology and computer science.
It has more than 125 laboratories, most of them in association with the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS). Some of its most notable institutes and laboratories include the Institut Henri Poincaré, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, Laboratoire d’informatique de Paris 6 (LIP6), Institut de mathématiques de Jussieu (shared with University Paris-Diderot) and the Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel (shared with École Normale Supérieure)