The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), known between 1901 and 1988 as the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), is a measurement standards laboratory, also known as a National Metrological Institute (NMI), which is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce.
The institute’s official mission is to:
- Promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.
NIST had an operating budget for fiscal year 2007 (October 1, 2006-September 30, 2007) of about $843.3 million. NIST’s 2009 budget was $992 million, and it also received $610 million as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. NIST employs about 2,900 scientists, engineers, technicians, and support and administrative personnel. About 1,800 NIST associates (guest researchers and engineers from American companies and foreign countries) complement the staff.
In addition, NIST partners with 1,400 manufacturing specialists and staff at nearly 350 affiliated centers around the country. NIST publishes the Handbook 44 that provides the “Specifications, tolerances, and other technical requirements for weighing and measuring devices”.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) research articles from Innovation Toronto
- New Experimental Test Detects Signs of Lyme Disease Near Time of Infection – February 17, 2016
- Nanoworld Snow Blowers: a New Method for Self-Assembly – January 2, 2016
- NIST Team Proves Spooky Action at a Distance is Really Real – November 13, 2015
- NIST Team Breaks Distance Record for Quantum Teleportation – September 30, 2015
- NIST Physicists Show ‘Molecules’ Made of Light May Be Possible – September 14, 2015
- Ultra-stable Microscopy Technique Tracks Tiny Objects for Hours – July 6, 2015
- Shape-Shifting Sensor Can Report Conditions from Deep in the Body – April 7, 2015
- Hybrid Memory Device for Superconducting Computing – February 1, 2015
- Ultrasonically propelled nanorods spin at 150,000 rpm! – July 28, 2014
- New NIST Metamaterial Gives Light a One-Way Ticket – July 5, 2014
- Net-zero energy test house exceeds goal and ends year with energy to spare – July 4, 2014
- A development that could have profound implications for the future of electronics, sensors, energy conversion and energy storage. | metal-organic framework
- Getting 3-D Printing and Next-Generation Manufacturing to the Factory Floor
- Quantum Refrigerator Offers Extreme Cooling and Convenience
- KAIST develops wireless power transfer technology for high capacity transit
- Internet security: Besieged
- These new materials work well up to 100 GHz, opening the door for the next generation of devices for advanced communications.
- NIST Study Advances Use of Iris Images as a Long-Term Form of Identification
- New Filtration Material Could Make Petroleum Refining Cheaper, More Efficient
- Scientists Build Record-Setting Metamaterial Flat Lens
- UBC engineer helps pioneer flat spray-on optical lens
- NIST Demonstrates Significant Improvement in the Performance of Solar-Powered Hydrogen Generation
- A New Delivery for Cancer Drugs
- Prototype Generators Emit Much Less Carbon Monoxide, NIST Finds
- Quantum Teleportation in Space Explored as Message Encryption Solution
- Breakthrough offers new route to large-scale quantum computing
- Tiny new sensor could simplify brain wave research
- Ultrasound Idea
- Chemical-etching technique could lead to diamond micro-machines
- Iron ‘Veins’ Are Secret of Promising New Hydrogen Storage Material
- Reliability Issues for Carbon Nanotubes in Future Electronics Uncovered
- Perception Challenge has next-generation robots in its sights
- ‘Breathalyzers’ May Be Useful for Medical Diagnostics
- Language Translation Devices for US Troops Tested
- Electrical potential
- Home Energy Savings Are Made In The Shade
- Sympathy for the Luddites
- The Patent Wars Begin Over Graphene, A Material That’s About To Change Our Lives
- Net-Zero Energy Buildings Take Hold in U.S.
- Toga, toga, toga
- Energy-efficiency measures could save consumers $41 billion