The Philipp University of Marburg (German: Philipps-Universität Marburg), was founded in 1527 by Landgrave Philip I of Hesse (usually called the Magnanimous, although the updated meaning ‘haughty’ is sometimes given) as one of Germany’s oldest universities, dating back to a Protestant foundation..
As a state university it no longer has any religious affiliation.
It was the main university of the principality of Hesse and remains a public university of that German state. It now has about 25,000 students and 7,500 employees, making Marburg, a town of 72,000 inhabitants, the proverbial “university town” (Universitätsstadt). Though most subjects are grouped, the University of Marburg is not a campus university in the broader sense. About 12% of the students are international, the highest percentage in Hesse. It offers an International summer university programme every summer and has an awarded ERASMUS programme.
Marburg is home to one of Germany’s most traditional medical faculties. The German physicians’ union is called “Marburger Bund”.