The CDC is a federal agency under the Department of Health and Human Services and is headquartered in Atlanta, unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia, in Greater Atlanta.
Its main goal is to protect public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability. The CDC focuses national attention on developing and applying disease control and prevention. It especially focuses its attention on infectious disease, food borne pathogens, environmental health, occupational safety and health, health promotion, injury prevention and educational activities designed to improve the health of United States citizens.
In addition, the CDC researches and provides information on non-infectious diseases such as obesity and diabetes and is a founding member of the International Association of National Public Health Institutes.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention research articles from Innovation Toronto
- Hybrid “super mosquito” resistant to insecticide-treated bed nets – January 13, 2014
- Debilitating Virus Infects Island Paradise | dengue
- What 11 Billion People Mean for Disease Outbreaks | infectious diseases
- Researchers describe potential for MERS coronavirus to spread internationally after mass gatherings in the Middle East this summer and fall
- Loyola Fights Infectious Disease The Modern Way – With Robots
- UF researchers develop “nanorobot” that can be programmed to target different diseases
- How to Combat Hospital-Acquired Infections and Life-Threatening Toxins
- Hashtag Health
- Small Changes in Agricultural Practices Could Reduce Produce-borne Illness
- Fecal transplant pill knocks out recurrent C. diff infection, study shows
- Biologists Discover New Method for Discovering Antibiotics
- The Antibiotic Resistance Crisis
- Changing part of central line could reduce hospital infections
- A promising target to treat asthma
- Flu vaccines aimed at younger populations could reduce transmission
- Germ-zapping Robots: Hospitals Combat Superbugs
- Prototype Generators Emit Much Less Carbon Monoxide, NIST Finds
- Breakthrough Cancer-Killing Treatment Has No Side-Effects, Says MU Researcher
- Purdue-developed technology could provide a solution to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, save lives
- Hope on the Horizon for Asthma Sufferers
- One Health Initiative
- Rapid H.I.V. Home Test Wins Federal Approval
- Hospital uses breakthrough technology to clean
- UCI researchers create mosquitoes incapable of transmitting malaria
- Device may inject a variety of drugs without using needles
- Garlic Compound Fights Source of Food-Borne Illness Better Than Antibiotics
- New Research Could Extend Life of Arthritic Joints
- Potential Anti-Cancer Therapy That Starves Cancer Cells of Glucose Identified
- How a Mild Virus Might Turn Vicious
- How Close Is a Universal Influenza Vaccine That Could Provide Lifelong Immunity with One Shot?
- Benign by Design
Using tracer viruses, researchers found that contamination of just a single doorknob or table top results in the spread of viruses throughout office buildings, hotels, and health care facilities.
Within 2 to 4 hours, the virus could be detected on 40 to 60 percent of workers and visitors in the facilities and commonly touched objects, according to research presented at the 54th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC), an infectious disease meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.
There is a simple solution, though, says Charles Gerba of the University of Arizona, Tucson, who presented the study.
“Using disinfecting wipes containing quaternary ammonium compounds (QUATS) registered by EPA as effective against viruses like norovirus and flu, along with hand hygiene, reduced virus spread by 80 to 99 percent,” he says.
Norovirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each year, it causes an estimated 19-21 million illnesses and contributes to 56,000-71,000 hospitalizations and 570-800 deaths. Touching surfaces or objects contaminated with norovirus then putting your fingers in your mouth is a common source of infection.
In the study, Gerba and his colleagues used bacteriophage MS-2 as a surrogate for the human norovirus, as it is similar in shape, size and resistance to disinfectants. The phage was placed on 1 to 2 commonly touched surfaces (door knob or table top) at the beginning of the day in office buildings, conference room and a health care facility. After various periods of time (2 to 8 hours) they sampled 60 to 100 fomites, surfaces capable of carrying infectious organisms (light switches, bed rails, table tops, countertops, push buttons, coffee pots handles, sink tap handles, door knobs, phones and computer equipment), for the phages.
“Within 2 to 4 hours between 40 to 60% of the fomites sampled were contaminated with virus,” says Gerba.