Its three campuses are located in the municipalities of Leganés, Colmenarejo and Getafe, all of them in the Community of Madrid. Its name refers to Charles III of Spain
The university is ranked as one of the best universities in Spain. The undergraduate degrees in Business Administration, Economics and Law are ranked first, first and second respectively among those offered by public and private universities in Spain, and its Master and Ph.D. programs also rank top in the country. The Department of Economics is among the 50 best worldwide, and in the top 10 worldwide best in Econometrics.
Charles III University of Madrid research articles from Innovation Toronto
- Simulator aims at artificial intelligence behavior almost indistinguishable from people – October 28, 2015
- Device created for faster skin biopsies without anesthesia – May 14, 2015
- Researchers Develop a Magnetic Levitating Gear – December 1, 2014
- An intelligent vehicle that can detect pedestrians at nighttime – May 7, 2014
- New magnetic materials for extracting energy from tides
- A sensor detects salt on the road to avoid excess
- A Terahertz generator with the highest signal quality
- Intelligent glasses designed for professors
- A system that improves the precision of GPS in cities by 90 percent
- The costs of climate change can be mitigated if economic activity moves in response
- Researchers have created glasses that indicate obstacles to patients with visual handicaps
- Artificial Intelligence for Improving Team Sports
This research has recently been published in the electronic version of the scientific journal Biofabrication. In this article, the team of researchers has demonstrated, for the first time, that, using the new 3D printing technology, it is possible to produce proper human skin.
One of the authors, José Luis Jorcano, professor in UC3M’s department of Bioengineering and Aerospace Engineering and head of the Mixed Unit CIEMAT/UC3M in Biomedical Engineering, points out that this skin “can be transplanted to patients or used in business settings to test chemical products, cosmetics or pharmaceutical products in quantities and with timetables and prices that are compatible with these uses.”
This new human skin is one of the first living human organs created using bioprinting to be introduced to the marketplace. It replicates the natural structure of the skin, with a first external layer, the epidermis with its stratum corneum, which acts as protection against the external environment, together with another thicker, deeper layer, the dermis. This last layer consists of fibroblasts that produce collagen, the protein that gives elasticity and mechanical strength to the skin.
Bioinks are key to 3D bioprinting, according to the experts. When creating skin, instead of cartridges and colored inks, injectors with biological components are used. In the words of Juan Francisco del Cañizo, of the Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón and Universidad Complutense de Madrid researcher. “Knowing how to mix the biological components, in what conditions to work with them so that the cells don’t deteriorate, and how to correctly deposit the product is critical to the system.” The act of depositing these bioinks, which are patented by CIEMAT and licensed by the BioDan Group, is controlled by a computer, which deposits them on a print bed in an orderly manner to then produce the skin.
Two years ago, a research team led by the University of Oxford revealed that, when plucked like a guitar string, spider silk transmits vibrations across a wide range of frequencies, carrying information about prey, mates and even the structural integrity of a web.
Now, a new collaboration between Oxford and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid has confirmed that spider webs are superbly tuned instruments for vibration transmission – and that the type of information being sent can be controlled by adjusting factors such as web tension and stiffness.
Researchers from the Oxford Silk Group, along with collaborators in Oxford’s Department of Engineering Science and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid’s Department of Continuum Mechanics and Structural Analysis, have studied the links between web vibration and web silk properties.
Their report in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface concludes that spider web vibration is affected by changes in web tension, silk stiffness and web architecture, all of which the spider is able to control.
Web-dwelling spiders have poor vision and rely almost exclusively on web vibrations for their ‘view’ of the world. The musical patterns coming from their tuned webs provide them with crucial information on the type of prey caught in the web and of predators approaching, as well as the quality of prospective mates. Spiders carefully engineer their webs out of a range of silks to control web architecture, tension and stiffness, analogous to constructing and tuning a musical instrument.
In order to study how vibrations propagate through a web, a combination of cutting-edge techniques was employed by the interdisciplinary and multinational team. High-powered lasers were able to experimentally measure the ultra-small vibrations, which allowed the team to generate and test computer models using mathematical finite element analysis. The combination of these techniques probes the links between the propagation of vibrations and silk material properties.
These new observations propose that the spider can use behaviour and silk properties to control the function of its web instrument. These control mechanisms could alter vibration filtering, as well as orientation to and discrimination of vibration sources in the web.
Dr Beth Mortimer, lead author of the report, which made use of the garden cross spider Araneus diadematus, said: ‘Spider orb webs are multifunctional structures, where both the transmission of vibrations and the capture of prey are important.’
Professor Fritz Vollrath, Head of the Oxford Silk Group, added: ‘It is down to the interaction of the web materials, a range of bespoke web silks, and the spider with its highly tuned behaviour and armoury of sensors that allows this virtually blind animal to operate in a gossamer world of its own making, without vision and only relying on feeling. Perhaps the web spider can teach us something new about virtual vision.’