Czech Technical University in Prague (České vysoké učení technické v Praze – ČVUT in Czech, sometimes confusingly referred as CTU in English (see CTU)) is one of the largest universities in the Czech Republic, and is one of the oldest institutes of technology in Central Europe.
It was established as the Institute of Engineering Education in 1707, but not as a tertiary university but only secondary education (high school), by Emperor Joseph I as a response to Christian Joseph Willenberg’s petition addressed to preceding emperor Leopold I.
In 1806 the institute of Engineering Education was transformed into Prague Polytechnical Institute, when the university studies began. After the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the name of the school was changed in 1920 to the Czech Technical University in Prague.
According to the THES-QS World University Rankings for the year 2010, the ČVUT is the world’s 121st-best university in technology, was the 171st in 2009 and 228th in 2008.