Toxins from harmful algae are present in Alaskan marine food webs in high enough concentrations to be detected in marine mammals such as whales, walruses, sea lions, seals, porpoises and sea otters, according to new research from NOAA and its federal, state, local and academic partners.
The findings, reported online today in the journal Harmful Algae, document a major northward expansion of the areas along the Pacific Coast where marine mammals are known to be exposed to algal toxins. Since 1998, algal toxin poisoning has been a common occurrence in California sea lions in Central California.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, pronounced /ˈnoʊ.ə/, like “Noah”) is a scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere.
NOAA warns of dangerous weather, charts seas and skies, guides the use and protection of ocean and coastal resources, and conducts research to improve understanding and stewardship of the environment. In addition to its civilian employees, 12,000 as of 2012, NOAA research and operations are supported by 300 uniformed service members who make up the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps.
NOAA plays several specific roles in society, the benefits of which extend beyond the US economy and into the larger global community:
- A Supplier of Environmental Information Products. NOAA supplies information to its customers and partners pertaining to the state of the oceans and the atmosphere. This is clearly manifest in the production of weather warnings and forecasts through the National Weather Service, but NOAA’s information products extend to climate, ecosystems, and commerce as well.
- A Provider of Environmental Stewardship Services. NOAA is also the steward of U.S. coastal and marine environments. In coordination with federal, state, local, tribal, and international authorities, NOAA manages the use of these environments, regulating fisheries and marine sanctuaries as well as protecting threatened and endangered marine species.
- A Leader in Applied Scientific Research. NOAA is intended to be a source of accurate and objective scientific information in the four particular areas of national and global importance identified above: ecosystems, climate, weather and water, and commerce and transportation.
The five “fundamental activities” are:
- Monitoring and observing Earth systems with instruments and data collection networks.
- Understanding and describing Earth systems through research and analysis of that data.
- Assessing and predicting the changes of these systems over time.
- Engaging, advising, and informing the public and partner organizations with important information.
- Managing resources for the betterment of society, economy and environment.
The Latest Updated Research News:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) research articles from Innovation Toronto
- The Pacific Ocean Becomes a Caldron – November 3, 2015
- Sustainable Fishing: Easy Solution for Shrimpers and Smelt Alike – April 14, 2015
- Avoiding ecosystem collapse – November 25, 2014
- A Lifesaving Transplant for Coral Reefs
- As CO2 levels rise, some crop nutrients will fall
- “Flock” of Nano Satellites to Capture High-Res Views of Whole Earth
- Online citizen scientists: Classify plankton images
- Fish Farms Cause Rapid Local Sea-Level Rise
- Gangplank to a Warm Future
- First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world
- New Robotic Instruments to Provide Real-Time Data on Gulf of Maine Red Tide
- Scientists Detail Severe Future Impacts of Climate Change
- What Will It Take to Solve Climate Change?
- Scientists Use Marine Robots to Detect Endangered Whales
- STUDY FINDS A NEW PATHWAY FOR INVASIVE SPECIES – SCIENCE TEACHERS
- There’s Still Hope for the Planet
- What It’s Like To Live In America’s Space Station Under The Sea
- Friendly Wave-Powered Robots Now Working For Oil And Gas Companies
- Coral Transplants Offer Hope to Threatened Reefs
- Ancient Civilizations Reveal Ways to Manage Fisheries for Sustainability
- Illuminating the Perils of Pollution, Nature’s Way
- Major New Analysis Confirms That Global Warming Is Real
- Using Open Innovation To Bring The Gulf Of Mexico Dead Zone Back To Life
- Human Influence On the 21st Century Climate
- Extreme Weather Is a Product of Climate Change
- Wave-Powered Glider
- A record-making effort
- Zoning for Oceans: Balancing Our Competing Needs in the Seas
- Meet the Microbes Eating the Gulf Oil Spill
- LPD: Prysm’s New Acronym Promises Huge Screens, 75% Less Power Consumption
- Combating climate change by observing the Earth