RMIT was founded in 1887 by grazier, politician and public benefactor the Hon. Francis Ormond—as the Working Men’s College of Melbourne.It is the third oldest tertiary education provider in Victoria, and is the eighth oldest provider of tertiary education in Australia. Its foundation campus is located in Melbourne City, and is a contiguous part of the northern area of the city centre.
It opened as a night school for instruction in art, science and technology—to support the industrialisation of Melbourne during the late-19th century. It had an initial enrollment of 320 students. Today, RMIT is the largest tertiary education provider in Australia. As of 2012, it has an enrolment of around 82,000 students across vocational, undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
In addition to its foundation campus, RMIT has two radial campuses in the Melbourne metropolitan area—located in the suburbs of Bundoora and Brunswick; as well as training and research sites in the Melbourne metropolitan area and the Grampians state region—located in the suburb of Point Cook and town of Hamilton respectively. It also has two branch campuses in Asia—located in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, Vietnam; and a coordinating centre in Europe—located in Barcelona, Spain.
RMIT University research articles from Innovation Toronto
- Kestrel inspires unpowered, autonomous glider to climb higher – December 19, 2015
- Photons on a chip set new paths for secure communications – November 15, 2015
- New nebuliser set to replace the need for jabs – September 20, 2015
- Design innovations are blowing in the wind – June 7, 2015
- Nano memory cell can mimic the brain’s long-term memory – May 13, 2015
- Talking drone offers aviation safety boost – February 28, 2015
- Research mimics brain cells to boost memory power – September 30, 2014
- Micro-manufacturing breakthrough is wired for sound – June 29, 2014
- RMIT researchers have developed a new antibacterial fabric that can kill a range of infectious bacteria, such as E coli, within 10 minutes – May 6, 2014
- Bio-inspired unmanned aircraft capable of soaring like birds
- Proton flow battery advances hydrogen power
- Breakthrough advances nanomaterials for printable solar cells
- New 2D material for next generation high-speed electronics
- Interactive LED Helmet Lets Bikers Signal With Their Heads
- Joggobot turns a quadrocopter into a running companion
- Bee research breakthrough might lead to artificial vision
RMIT researchers trialling a quantum processor capable of routing information from different locations have found a pathway towards the quantum data bus
RMIT University researchers have trialled a quantum processor capable of routing quantum information from different locations in a critical breakthrough for quantum computing.
The work opens a pathway towards the “quantum data bus”, a vital component of future quantum technologies.
The research team from the Quantum Photonics Laboratory at RMIT in Melbourne, Australia, the Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnologies of the CNR in Italy and the South University of Science and Technology of China, have demonstrated for the first time the perfect state transfer of an entangled quantum bit (qubit) on an integrated photonic device.
Quantum Photonics Laboratory Director Dr Alberto Peruzzo said after more than a decade of global research in the specialised area, the RMIT results were highly anticipated.
“The perfect state transfer has emerged as a promising technique for data routing in large-scale quantum computers,” Peruzzo said.
“The last 10 years has seen a wealth of theoretical proposals but until now it has never been experimentally realised.
“Our device uses highly optimised quantum tunnelling to relocate qubits between distant sites.
“It’s a breakthrough that has the potential to open up quantum computing in the near future.”
The difference between standard computing and quantum computing is comparable to solving problems over an eternity compared to a short time.
“Quantum computers promise to solve vital tasks that are currently unmanageable on today’s standard computers and the need to delve deeper in this area has motivated a worldwide scientific and engineering effort to develop quantum technologies,” Peruzzo said.
“It could make the critical difference for discovering new drugs, developing a perfectly secure quantum Internet and even improving facial recognition.”
Peruzzo said a key requirement for any information technology, along with processors and memories, is the ability to relocate data between locations.
Full scale quantum computers will contain millions, if not billions, of quantum bits (qubits) all interconnected, to achieve computational power undreamed of today.
While today’s microprocessors use data buses that route single bits of information, transferring quantum information is a far greater challenge due to the intrinsic fragility of quantum states.
“Great progress has been made in the past decade, increasing the power and complexity of quantum processors,” Peruzzo said.
Robert Chapman, an RMIT PhD student working on the experiment, said the protocol they developed could be implemented in large scale quantum computing architectures, where interconnection between qubits will be essential.
“We experimentally relocate qubits, encoded in single particles of light, between distant locations,” Chapman said.
“During the protocol, the fragile quantum state is maintained and, critically, entanglement is preserved, which is key for quantum computing.”
A University of Queensland researcher has made a big step toward the holy grail of biomedical science — a new form of effective pain relief.
“Translating the venom’s toxins into a viable drug has proved difficult,” Dr Clark said.
“But now we’ve been able to identify a core component of one of these conotoxins (toxins from cone snail venom) during laboratory tests.
“We think this will make it much easier to translate the active ingredient into a useful drug.”
Dr Clark said a sea snail used its venom to immobilise prey and protect itself.
Breakthrough chip for nano-manipulation of light paves way for next generation optical technologies and enables deeper understanding of black holes
An Australian research team has created a breakthrough chip for the nano-manipulation of light, paving the way for next gen optical technologies and enabling deeper understanding of black holes.
Led by Professor Min Gu at RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, the team designed an integrated nanophotonic chip that can achieve unparalleled levels of control over the angular momentum (AM) of light.
The pioneering work opens new opportunities for using AM at a chip-scale for the generation, transmission, processing and recording of information, and could also be used to help scientists better understand the evolution and nature of black holes.
While traveling approximately in a straight line, a beam of light also spins and twists around its optical axis. The AM of light, which measures the amount of that dynamic rotation, has attracted tremendous research interest in recent decades.
A key focus is the potential of using AM to enable the mass expansion of the available capacity of optical fibres through the use of parallel light channels – an approach known as “multiplexing”.
But realising AM multiplexing on a chip scale has remained a major challenge, as there is no material in nature capable of sensing twisted light.
“By designing a series of elaborate nano-apertures and nano-grooves on the photonic chip, our team has enabled the on-chip manipulation of twisted light for the first time,” Gu said.
“The design removes the need for any other bulky interference-based optics to detect the AM signals.
“Our discovery could open up truly compact on-chip AM applications such as ultra-high definition display, ultra-high capacity optical communication and ultra-secure optical encryption.
“It could also be extended to characterize the AM properties of gravitational waves, to help us gain more information on how black holes interact with each other in the universe.”
The team devised nano-grooves to couple AM-carrying beams into different plasmonic AM fields, with the nano-apertures subsequently sorting and transmitting the different plasmonic AM signals.
Lead author Haoran Ren, a PhD candidate at Swinburne University of Technology, said: “If you send an optical data signal to a photonic chip it is critical to know where the data is going, otherwise information will be lost.
“Our specially-designed nanophotonic chip can precisely guide AM data signals so they are transmitted from different mode-sorting nano-ring slits without losing any information.”
As well as laying the foundation for the future ultra-broadband big data industry and providing a new platform for the next industry revolution, the research offers a precise new method for improving scientific knowledge of black holes.
Gu, Associate Deputy Vice-Chancellor for Research Innovation and Entrepreneurship at RMIT, and Node Director of the Australian Research Council’s Centre for Ultrahigh-bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS), said the work offered the possibility of full control over twisted light, including both spin angular momentum (SAM) and orbital angular momentum (OAM).
“Due to the fact that rotating black holes can impart OAM associated with gravitational waves, an unambiguous measuring of the OAM through the sky could lead to a more profound understanding of the evolution and nature of black holes in the universe,” he said.
New technique to grow nanostructures that degrade organic matter when exposed to light
A spot of sunshine is all it could take to get your washing done, thanks to pioneering nano research into self-cleaning textiles.
Researchers at RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, have developed a cheap and efficient new way to grow special nanostructures — which can degrade organic matter when exposed to light — directly onto textiles.
The work paves the way towards nano-enhanced textiles that can spontaneously clean themselves of stains and grime simply by being put under a light bulb or worn out in the sun.
Dr Rajesh Ramanathan said the process developed by the team had a variety of applications for catalysis-based industries such as agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals and natural products, and could be easily scaled up to industrial levels.
“The advantage of textiles is they already have a 3D structure so they are great at absorbing light, which in turn speeds up the process of degrading organic matter,” he said.
“There’s more work to do to before we can start throwing out our washing machines, but this advance lays a strong foundation for the future development of fully self-cleaning textiles.”
The researchers from the Ian Potter NanoBioSensing Facility and NanoBiotechnology Research Lab at RMIT worked with copper and silver-based nanostructures, which are known for their ability to absorb visible light.
When the nanostructures are exposed to light, they receive an energy boost that creates “hot electrons”. These “hot electrons” release a burst of energy that enables the nanostructures to degrade organic matter.
The challenge for researchers has been to bring the concept out of the lab by working out how to build these nanostructures on an industrial scale and permanently attach them to textiles.
The RMIT team’s novel approach was to grow the nanostructures directly onto the textiles by dipping them into a few solutions, resulting in the development of stable nanostructures within 30 minutes.
When exposed to light, it took less than six minutes for some of the nano-enhanced textiles to spontaneously clean themselves.
“Our next step will be to test our nano-enhanced textiles with organic compounds that could be more relevant to consumers, to see how quickly they can handle common stains like tomato sauce or wine,” Ramanathan said.
An international team of scientists has set a new record for the complexity possible on a quantum computing chip, bringing us one step closer to the ultra-secure telecommunications of the future.
A key component of quantum science and technology is the notion of entangled particles – typically either electrons or particles of light called photons. These particles remain connected even if separated over large distances, so that actions performed by one affect the behaviour of the other.
In a paper, published today in the journal Science, the research team outlines how it created entangled photon states with unprecedented complexity and over many parallel channels simultaneously on an integrated chip.
Importantly, the chip was also created with processes compatible with the current computer chip industry, opening up the possibility of incorporating quantum devices directly into laptops and cell phones.
The researchers were led by Professor David Moss, the newly appointed Director of the Centre for Micro-Photonics at Swinburne University of Technology, and Professor Roberto Morandotti from the Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS-EMT) in Montreal, Canada.
The researchers used ‘optical frequency combs’ which, unlike the combs we use to detangle hair, actually help to ‘tangle’ photons on a computer chip.
Their achievement has set a new record in both the number and complexity of entangled photons that can be generated on a chip to help crack the code to ultra-secure telecommunications of the future.
It also has direct applications for quantum information processing, imaging, and microscopy.
“This represents an unprecedented level of sophistication in generating entangled photons on a chip,” Professor Moss says.
“Not only can we generate entangled photon pairs over hundreds of channels simultaneously, but for the first time we’ve succeeded in generating four-photon entangled states on a chip.”
Professor Morandotti says the breakthrough is the culmination of 10 years of collaborative research on complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) compatible chips for both classical and quantum nonlinear optics.
“By achieving this on a chip that was fabricated with processes compatible with the computer chip industry we have opened the door to the possibility of bringing powerful optical quantum computers for everyday use closer than ever before,” Professor Morandotti says.
The groundwork for the research was completed while Professor Moss was at RMIT. The collaboration includes the City University of Hong Kong, University of Sussex and Herriot Watt University in the UK, Yale University, and the Xi’an Institute in China.
Researchers at RMIT University and the University of Adelaide have joined forces to create a stretchable nano-scale device to manipulate light
The device manipulates light to such an extent that it can filter specific colours while still being transparent and could be used in the future to make smart contact lenses.
Using the technology, high-tech lenses could one day filter harmful optical radiation without interfering with vision – or in a more advanced version, transmit data and gather live vital information or even show information like a head-up display.
The light manipulation relies on creating tiny artificial crystals termed “dielectric resonators”, which are a fraction of the wavelength of light – 100-200 nanometers, or over 500 times thinner than a human hair.
The research combined the University of Adelaide researchers’ expertise in interaction of light with artificial materials with the materials science and nanofabrication expertise at RMIT University.
Acoustics experts have created a new class of sound wave – the first in more than half a century – in a breakthrough they hope could lead to a revolution in stem cell therapy.
The team at RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, combined two different types of acoustic sound waves called bulk waves and surface waves to create a new hybrid: “surface reflected bulk waves”.
The first new class of sound wave discovered in decades, the powerful waves are gentle enough to use in biomedical devices to manipulate highly fragile stem cells without causing damage or affecting their integrity, opening new possibilities in stem cell treatment.
Dr Amgad Rezk, from RMIT’s Micro/Nano Research Laboratory, said the team was already using the discovery to dramatically improve the efficiency of an innovative new “nebuliser” that could deliver vaccines and other drugs directly to the lung.
“We have used the new sound waves to slash the time required for inhaling vaccines through the nebuliser device, from 30 minutes to as little as 30 seconds,” Rezk said.
“But our work also opens up the possibility of using stem cells more efficiently for treating lung disease, enabling us to nebulise stem cells straight into a specific site within the lung to repair damaged tissue.
“This is a real game changer for stem cell treatment in the lungs.”
The researchers are using the “surface reflected bulk waves” in a breakthrough device, dubbed HYDRA, which converts electricity passing through a piezoelectric chip into mechanical vibration, or sound waves, which in turn break liquid into a spray.
“It’s basically ‘yelling’ at the liquid so it vibrates, breaking it down into vapour,” Rezk said.
Bulk sound waves operate similar to a carpet being held at one end and shaken, resulting in the whole substrate vibrating as one entity. Surface sound waves on the other hand operate more like ocean waves rolling above a swimmer’s head.
“The combination of surface and bulk wave means they work in harmony and produce a much more powerful wave,” said Rezk, who co-authored the study with PhD researcher James Tan.
“As a result, instead of administering or nebulising medicine at around 0.2ml per minute, we did up to 5ml per minute. That’s a huge difference.”
The breakthrough HYDRA device is improving the effectiveness of a revolutionary new type of nebuliser developed at RMIT called Respite. Cheap, lightweight and portable, the advanced Respite nebuliser can deliver everything from precise drug doses to patients with asthma and cystic fibrosis, to insulin for diabetes patients, and needle-free vaccinations to infants.