Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, /ˈrʌtɡərz/, commonly referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is an American public research university and the largest institution for higher education in New Jersey in the United States.
Originally chartered as Queen’s College on 10 November 1766, Rutgers is the eighth-oldest college in the United States and one of the nine “Colonial Colleges” founded before the American Revolution. The college was renamed Rutgers College in 1825 in honour of Colonel Henry Rutgers (1745–1830), a New York City landowner, philanthropist and former military officer, whose generous donation to the school allowed it reopen after years of financial difficulty.
For most of its existence, Rutgers was a private liberal arts college affiliated with the Dutch Reformed Church and admitted only male students. The college expanded its role in research and instruction in agriculture, engineering, and science when it was named as the state’s sole land-grant college in 1864 under the Morrill Act of 1862. It gained university status in 1924 with the introduction of graduate education and further expansion. However, Rutgers evolved into a coeducational public research university after being designated “The State University of New Jersey” by the New Jersey Legislature in laws enacted in 1945 and 1956. It is one of only two colonial colleges that later became public universities.
Rutgers has four campuses that enrolls approximately 65,000 undergraduate, graduate, and professional students. The university’s four campuses offer instruction by distinguished faculty in 175 academic departments and Rutgers is widely regarded as one of the top public university systems in the world. The university is spread out across the City of New Brunswick and Piscataway Township, with campuses in Newark and Camden. The Newark campus was formerly the University of Newark, which merged into the Rutgers system in 1946. The Camden campus was created in 1950 after Rutgers acquired two institutions: the College of South Jersey and the South Jersey Law School.
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Rutgers University research articles from Innovation Toronto
- Future Brain Therapies for Parkinson’s Possible with Stem Cell Bioengineering Innovation – March 20, 2016
- Technology To Advance Stem Cell Therapeutics – November 16, 2014
- Rutgers Chemists Develop Technology to Produce Clean-Burning Hydrogen Fuel – July 16, 2014
- Attacking Fungal Infection, One of the World’s Major Killers
- Rutgers Scientists Discover Molecules that Show Promise for New Anti-Flu Medicines
- Turning to Parasites as Potential Disease Fighters
- Ocean-Sampling Robot Gliders Tracking Animals, Providing Storm Data
- Got Bed Bugs? Use This New, Cheaper, More Effective, DIY, Low-Cost Trap To Find Out
- Novel Technology Seen as New, More Accurate Way to Diagnose and Treat Autism
- Supercomputer helps breakthrough in cancer research
- 20,000 colleagues under the sea
- Computer Scientist Leads the Way to the Next Revolution in Artificial Intelligence
- Future Farmers Look Ahead
- Outsmarting Algae: Scientist Finds the Turn-Off Switch
- Caffeine Lowers Risk of Skin Cancer
- Start-Ups Are in a Rush to Bring the Chat Room to the Smartphone
- Super Material Will Make Lighting Cheaper and Fully Recyclable
- Can Renewable Energy Be Sustained?