It is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with diplomatic status as a UN institution. Since 2010, UNU has been authorized by the UN General Assembly to grant degrees. It also provides a bridge between the UN and the international academic, policy-making and private sector communities.
United Nations University research articles from Innovation Toronto
- Wealth of Nations
- World E-Waste Map Reveals National Volumes, International Flows
- An ecosystem-based approach to protect the deep sea from mining | Manganese nodules
- 2013 Ocean Health Index Shows Food Provision Remains an Area of Great Concern
- Latest IPCC Climate Report Puts Geoengineering in the Spotlight
- Research Creates New Opportunities From Waste Heat
- Fish Farms Cause Rapid Local Sea-Level Rise
- Maize Trade Disruption Could Have Global Ramifications
- First-Ever Therapeutic Offers Hope for Improving Blood Transfusions
- Your Meat Should Be Raised on Insects, U.N. Says
- New Gene Therapy Shows Broad Protection in Animal Models to Pandemic Flu Strains, including the Deadly 1918 Spanish Influenza
- The Power of Flies to Save Barbecue Season
- High Concentration PhotoVoltaic Thermal: Harness the Energy of 2,000 Suns
- Study Led by NUS Scientists Reveals Escalating Cost of Forest Conservation
- Earth feels impact of middle class
- HIV Self-testing: the key to controlling the global
- Mercury contamination in water can be detected with a mobile phone
- First Global Assessment of Land and Water ‘Grabbing’ Published in National Journal
- Wind, solar power paired with storage could be cost-effective way to power grid
- Integrity of Internet Is Crux of Global Conference
- The Seeds That Federal Money Can Plant
- It’s Time For Breakthrough Capitalism
- Students’ cellphone screening device for anemia wins $250,000 prize
- Frankenmeat: Growing a Burger in a Petri Dish
- US-China Deal Intended to Speed Clean Coal Research
- Brazil promises 75,000 scholarships in science and technology
- The Fog of Cyberwar: What Are the Rules of Engagement?
- Cereal Killer: Climate Change Stunts Growth of Global Crop Yields
- Mapping Innovation
- Letting a thousand flowers wither
- Farming the Future
- Fewer feet, smaller footprint
- A Natural Obsession
- All Consuming
- Trusting Nature as the Climate Referee
- Climate change cover-up? You better believe it
- The Biggest Issue
An international team of experts reported today that evidence linking hormone-mimicking chemicals to human health problems has grown stronger over the past decade
An international team of experts reported today that evidence linking hormone-mimicking chemicals to human health problems has grown stronger over the past decade, becoming a “global threat” that should be addressed.
The report is a joint effort by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme to give policymakers the latest information on chemicals that alter the hormones of people and wildlife.
Much has changed since 2002 when WHO and the UN released a report that called the evidence linking endocrine-disrupting chemicals to human health impacts “weak.”
The panel of 16 scientists from 10 nations in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia found that endocrine-related diseases and disorders are on the rise. There is now “emerging evidence for adverse reproductive outcomes” and “mounting evidence” for effects on thyroids, brains and metabolism, according to the report summary.
“Over the past decade, we know much better that chronic diseases, ones related to the endocrine system, are increasing globally,” said Thomas Zoeller, a professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and a co-author of the report.
Such diseases include male reproductive problems, pregnancy complications, certain cancers, obesity and brain development. Many factors can cause such diseases, but the report concludes that given how fast some of these are rising, environmental chemicals are likely playing a role.
Fetuses, babies and young children “are not just little adults” and are the most vulnerable to hormone-altering chemicals since their bodies are still developing, the authors wrote.
Zoeller said the goal of the report is to update world leaders on a topic that is complex and, at times, controversial.
A decade ago the biggest threat was thought to be persistent organic pollutant chemicals – such as DDT and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). These chemicals – now banned in the United States — traveled the globe, persisted in the environment and caused severe population declines in some wildlife species.
Such contaminants still pose a threat. However, less persistent but more ubiquitous chemicals found in everyday products – such as bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates – now are increasingly linked to human health problems.
“These chemicals are what we call ‘pseudo persistent,” said Tracey Woodruff, a professor at the University of California, San Francisco, and a report co-author. “They don’t stay in the environment long but people are exposed to them all the time so it’s the same effect as if they were persistent.”