It is an ancient university founded in 1495 when William Elphinstone, Bishop of Aberdeen, petitioned Pope Alexander VI on behalf of James IV, King of Scots to create King’s College. This makes it Scotland’s third-oldest university (after the University of St. Andrews and the University of Glasgow) and fifth-oldest in the English-speaking world. The university as it is today was formed in 1860 by a merger between King’s College (which had always referred to itself as the University of Aberdeen) and Marischal College, a second university founded in 1593 in Aberdeen city centre as a Protestant alternative to King’s College. Today, the University of Aberdeen is one of two universities in Aberdeen (the other is The Robert Gordon University).
The university’s iconic buildings act as symbols of the City of Aberdeen, particularly Marischal College in the city centre and the spire of King’s College in Old Aberdeen. There are two campuses; the main King’s College campus is at Old Aberdeen approximately two miles north of the city centre, around the original site of King’s College, although most campus buildings were constructed in the 20th century during a period of expansion. The university’s Foresterhill campus is located next to Aberdeen Royal Infirmary and houses the School of Medicine and Dentistry and School of Medical Sciences.
The University has approximately 13,500 students from undergraduate to doctoral level, including many international students. There are also large numbers of Masters and PhD students. In addition, the university’s Centre for Lifelong Learning acts as an extension college, offering higher education courses to the local community even for those without the usual qualifications for admission to degree-level study. A full range of disciplines are offered and in 2012 the university offered over 650 undergraduate degree programmes.
University of Aberdeen research articles from Innovation Toronto
Here’s the scientific dirt: Soil can help reduce global warming
“We can substantially reduce atmospheric carbon by using soil. Decreasing greenhouse gas emissions, sequestering carbon and using prudent agricultural management practices that tighten the soil-nitrogen cycle can yield enhanced soil fertility, bolster crop productivity, improve soil biodiversity, and reduce erosion, runoff and water pollution. These practices also buffer crop and pasture systems against the impacts of climate change.
A crucial ‘on switch’ that boosts the body’s defences against infections has been successfully identified in new scientific research.
The breakthrough made by researchers at the University of Aberdeen and the University of Dundee could lead to the development of new drugs to enhance the body’s immune responses to attack, which could benefit people suffering from cancer and other serious conditions.
Their findings have been published in the Journal of Molecular and Cell Biology.
“We have shown that the cells which turn on our immune responses to defend against, for example, infectious diseases, require a particular protein to activate them in order to function properly,” explains Dr Martin-Granados formerly of the University of Aberdeen and now at Cambridge.
“This protein, or enzyme, (PTP1B) effectively acts as a kind of ‘on switch’ and if it is missing or dysfunctional in our body, we cannot mount effective immune responses to tumours or infections.”