The elusive and complex components of creativity have been identified by computer experts at the University of Kent.
Dr Anna Jordanous, lecturer in the School of Computing, worked with language expert Dr Bill Keller (University of Sussex) on how to define the language people use when talking about creativity, known in the field as computational creativity. With that knowledge it becomes possible to make computer programs use this language too.
Dr Jordanous and Dr Keller looked at what people say when they talk about “what is creativity” in academic discussions, from various disciplines – psychology, arts, business, and computational creativity.
In an article entitled Modelling Creativity: Identifying key components through a corpus-based approach, published by PLOS ONE, they describe a unique approach to developing a suitable model of how creative behaviour emerges that is based on the words people use to describe it. Computational creativity is a relatively new field of research into computer systems that exhibit creative behaviours.
Using language-analysis software they identified the creative words and grouped them into clusters. These are considered to be 14 components of creativity. These clusters have been used to evaluate the creativity of computational systems, and are expected to be a useful resource for other researchers in computational creativity, as well as forming a basis for the automated evaluation of creative systems.
The University of Kent (formerly the University of Kent at Canterbury, abbreviated as Cantuar. for post-nominals) is a public research university based in Kent, United Kingdom.
It was founded in 1965 and is recognised as a British “plate glass university”. It is a member of the Santander Network of European universities encouraging social and economic development,Association of Commonwealth Universities and Universities UK.
The University of Kent’s main site is a rural campus just north of Canterbury situated within 300 acres of park land, which houses over 4,300 students. The university has additional sites in Medway and Tonbridge in Kent, United Kingdom and European postgraduate centres in Brussels, Athens and Paris.
In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise the University of Kent was placed 24th out of 118 participating institutions in terms of the best, or 4*, research in a ranking produced by Times Higher Education. In 2012 the University of Kent ranked 80 in the world according to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings in Top 100 Universities Under 50 Years Old and ranked 138 in QS World University Rankings for Overall University Subject Rankings in the world in 2012.
The University of Kent is frequently ranked in the top 30 in rankings of British universities. In 2010 just under 30,000 students applied to the University of Kent through UCAS and 5,242 accepted offers of places. The average UCAS points offer given for 2012/13 was 380 or AAA+.
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