The campus is situated southwest of downtown Arlington, and is located in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area. The university was founded in 1895 and served primarily a military academy during the early 20th century. After spending several decades in the Texas A&M University System, the institution joined the University of Texas System in 1965.
In the fall of 2010, UTA reached a student population of 32,956, a gain of 31% from autumn 2008, and is currently the second-largest institution within the UT System. UTA is classified by the Carnegie Foundation as a “High Research Activity” institution. The university offers 80 baccalaureate, 74 masters, and 31 doctoral degrees.
The university also operates the Fort Worth Education Center and the UTA Research Institute, with campuses at the Fort Worth ITC and River Bend Park.
University of Texas at Arlington research articles from Innovation Toronto
- Water + CO2 Converted Directly into Hydrocarbon Fuels for the First Time – February 23, 2016
- Team develops new storage cell for solar energy storage AND nighttime conversion – July 2, 2015
- UT Arlington Theatre Arts research provides insight into human behavior for scientists, engineers who build social robots – November 22, 2014
- Nanotechnology aids in cooling electrons without external sources – huge energy savings potential – September 12, 2014
- New bone tissue generation technique – April 11, 2014
- Technology uses micro-windmills to recharge cell phones
- Amazon deforestation brings loss of microbial communities
- Printed Photonic Crystal Mirrors Shrink On-Chip Lasers Down to Size
Perena Gouma, a professor in the Materials Science and Engineering Department at The University of Texas at Arlington, has published an article in the journal Sensors that describes her invention of a hand-held breath monitor that can detect the flu virus.
The article, published in January 2017, explains in-depth how the single-exhale sensing device works and the research involved in its creation, which was funded by the National Science Foundation through the Smart Connected Health program.
Gouma’s device is similar to the breathalyzers used by police officers when they suspect a driver of being under the influence of alcohol. A patient simply exhales into the device, which uses semiconductor sensors like those in a household carbon monoxide detector.
The difference is that these sensors are specific to the gas detected, yet still inexpensive, and can isolate biomarkers associated with the flu virus and indicate whether or not the patient has the flu. The device could eventually be available in drugstores so that people can be diagnosed earlier and take advantage of medicine used to treat the flu in its earliest stages. This device may help prevent flu epidemics from spreading, protecting both individuals as well as the public health.
Gouma and her team relied on existing medical literature to determine the quantities of known biomarkers present in a person’s breath when afflicted with a particular disease, then applied that knowledge to find a combination of sensors for those biomarkers that is accurate for detecting the flu. For instance, people who suffer from asthma have increased nitric oxide concentration in their breath, and acetone is a known biomarker for diabetes and metabolic processes. When combined with a nitric oxide and an ammonia sensor, Gouma found that the breath monitor may detect the flu virus, possibly as well as tests done in a doctor’s office.
“I think that technology like this is going to revolutionize personalized diagnostics. This will allow people to be proactive and catch illnesses early, and the technology can easily be used to detect other diseases, such as Ebola virus disease, simply by changing the sensors,” said Gouma, who also is the lead scientist in the Institute for Predictive Performance Measurement at the UTA Research Institute.
“Before we applied nanotechnology to create this device, the only way to detect biomarkers in a person’s breath was through very expensive, highly-technical equipment in a lab, operated by skilled personnel. Now, this technology could be used by ordinary people to quickly and accurately diagnose illness.”
Stathis Meletis, chair of the Materials Science and Engineering Department, noted that Gouma’s research shows how UTA’s nanotechnology research can have a profound impact on health and the human condition in our communities, as outlined in the University’s Strategic Plan 2020: Bold Solutions | Global Impact.
“Dr. Gouma’s development of a portable, single-exhale device that can be used to detect diseases has implications far beyond the laboratory,” Meletis said. “This shows the impact of nanotechnology on our everyday lives, and has potential for applications related to security and other important areas as well.”
In addition to Gouma’s research, UTA engineering faculty have applied nanotechnology to fighting cancer, increasing energy efficiency and detecting harmful substances, among other applications.
Chemists at The University of Texas at Arlington have been the first to demonstrate that an organic semiconductor polymer called polyaniline is a promising photocathode material for the conversion of carbon dioxide into alcohol fuels without the need for a co-catalyst.
“This opens up a new field of research into new applications for inexpensive, readily available organic semiconducting polymers within solar fuel cells,” said principal researcher Krishnan Rajeshwar, UTA distinguished professor of chemistry and biochemistry and co-Director of UTA’s Center for Renewable Energy, Science & Technology.
“These organic semiconducting polymers also demonstrate several technical advantages, including that they do not need a co-catalyst to sustain the conversion to alcohol products and the conversion can take place at lower temperatures and use less energy, which would further reduce costs,” Rajeshwar added.
Rajeshwar and his co-author Csaba Janaky, professor in the Department of Physical Chemistry and Materials Science at the University of Szeged, recently published their findings in The Royal Society of Chemistry journal ChemComm as
In this proof-of-concept study, the researchers provide insights into the unique behavior of polyaniline obtained from photoelectrochemical measurements and adsorption studies, together with spectroscopic data. They also compared the behavior of several conducting polymers.
The stationary currents recorded after two hours during testing suggests that the polyaniline layer maintained its photoelectrochemical efficacy for the studied time period. While in the gas phase, only hydrogen was detected, but potential fuels such as methanol and ethanol were both detected in the solution for carbon dioxide-saturated samples.
“Apart from these technical qualities, as a polymer, polyaniline can also be easily made into fabrics and films that adapt to roofs or curved surfaces to create the large surface areas needed for photoelectrochemical reduction, eliminating the need for expensive and dangerous solar concentrators,“ Rajeshwar added.
Frederick MacDonnell, chair of UTA’s Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, underlined the importance of this research in the context of UTA’s focus on global environmental impact within the Strategic Plan 2020: Bold Solutions|Global Impact.
“Dr. Rajeshwar’s ongoing leadership in research around new materials for solar fuel generation is vital in a world where we all recognize the need to reduce the impact of carbon dioxide emissions,” MacDonnell said. “Finding an inexpensive, readily-available photocathode material could open up new options to create cheaper, more energy-effective solar fuel cells.”