The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.
It was established on 7 April 1948, with its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations.
The constitution of the World Health Organization had been signed by all 61 countries of the United Nations by 22 July 1946, with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly finishing on 24 July 1948. It incorporated the Office International d’Hygiène Publique and the League of Nations Health Organization. Since its creation, it has been responsible for playing a leading role in the eradication of smallpox. Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases; sexual and reproductive health, development, and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and drive the development of reporting, publications, and networking. WHO is responsible for the World Health Report, a leading international publication on health, the worldwide World Health Survey, and World Health Day (7th-April of every Year).What 11 Billion People Mean for Disease Outbreaks | infectious diseases
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World Health Organization research articles from Innovation Toronto
- Toxic chemical exposure is killing millions and costing billions – October 5, 2015
- eLearning as good as traditional training for health professionals – January 12, 2014
- “Ageing well” must be a global priority – November 12, 2014
- Drug that ‘kills MRSA’ is hailed as first viable alternative to antibiotics – November 10, 2014
- What 11 Billion People Mean for Disease Outbreaks | infectious diseases
- 2013 Ocean Health Index Shows Food Provision Remains an Area of Great Concern
- 4.4 million jobs will be created worldwide to support Big Data by 2015
- Reducing Salt and Increasing Potassium Will Have Major Global Health Benefits
- How Silicon Valley Envisions The Future Of Health Care
- Unchecked Antibiotic Use in Animals May Affect Global Human Health
- U.Va. Nonprofit Organization, PureMadi, Develops Innovative Water Purification Tablet for Developing World
- Inactive people can achieve major health and fitness gains in a fraction of the time
- A Crowdfunding Platform To Boost Organizations Serving Women And Girls
- Nature study highlights many paths to ocean health
- On World TB Day Project HOPE Hails Promise Of New Diagnosis Technology
- Clean Up World Seas to Boost Economy
- iHealth helps manage your blood pressure and weight on your iPhone
- Can We Be Trained to Like Healthy Foods?
- What 11 Billion People Mean for Disease Outbreaks | infectious diseases
- Optician’s clinic that fits a pocket
- Researchers describe potential for MERS coronavirus to spread internationally after mass gatherings in the Middle East this summer and fall
- Can This Patch Make You Invisible To Mosquitoes?
- Second door discovered in war against mosquito-borne diseases – not good news
- New hope for malaria
- Ketamine Cousin Rapidly Lifts Depression Without Side Effects
- Study Finds Vitamin C Can Kill Drug-Resistant TB
- Medical Equipment Donated to Developing Nations Usually Ends Up on the Junk Heap
- A Portuguese fast transcutaneous non-invasive battery recharger and energy feeder for electronic implants
- Antibiotic apocalypse
- United Nations Panel Calls Hormone Disruptors a “Global Threat”
- Fast New Test Could Find Leprosy Before Damage Is Lasting
- An innovative idea to eradicate polio
- ClickClinica, the app that maps disease outbreaks
- As Dengue Fever Sweeps India, a Slow Response Stirs Experts’ Fears
- Governments failing to address “global pandemic of untreated cancer pain”
- Bees, Fruits and Money: Decline of Pollinators Will Have Severe Impact On Nature and Humankind
- Researchers Find Material for Cleaner-Running Diesel Vehicles Replacing Platinum
- Online Obesity Treatment Programmes Show Promise
- Mental Illness
- Alzheimer’s Vaccine Trial a Success
- Silica nanoparticles used to make mosquito-repellant clothing
- Solar-powered Refrigerator
- Emergence of Artemisinin Resistance On Thai-Myanmar Border Raises Spectre of Untreatable Malaria
- Despite Safety Worries, Work on Deadly Flu to Be Released
- A breakthrough in live cancer cells research
- Meningitis May Be Eradicated
- Fighting Cervical Cancer With Vinegar and Ingenuity
- Potential Vaccine Readies Immune System to Kill Tuberculosis in Mice
- Restoring Happiness in People With Depression
- iPhone app provides skin cancer risk assessment
- ‘Super sand’ to help clean up dirty drinking water
- Reversible male contraception method lasts 10 years
- Why This E. Coli Outbreak Has Me Scared
- Diesel-Engine Exhaust Filter Reduces Harmful Particles by 98 Percent
- On Rethinking IP
- Automatic Auto: A Car That Drives Itself
- US$240 TB-detecting microscope on par with $40,000 devices
- Solar Vaccine Refrigerator
- Could Mini Labs and Plant-Based Vaccines Stop the Next Pandemic?
- Are XPRIZEs the Future of Scientific Discovery and Exploration?
- Potentially ‘catastrophic’ changes underway in Canada’s northern Mackenzie River Basin: report
- Global Networks Must be Re-Designed
- Is Mark Zuckerberg Creating A New Breed Of Silicon Valley Philanthropists?
- Content Is King: Can Researchers Design an Information-Centric Internet?
- The Seeds That Federal Money Can Plant
- Numbers of Women in Science and Technology Fields Alarmingly Low in Leading Economies
- Technological Convergence
- The Ecology of Disease
- Breakthrough Malaria Drug Approved in India Will Take Bite out of Malaria
- Large-Scale Analysis Finds Majority of Clinical Trials Don’t Provide Meaningful Evidence
- Communication is the Most Important Medical Instrument
- Vaccine discovered for hep C
- Illuminating the Perils of Pollution, Nature’s Way
- 1 Percent versus the 99 Percent–A Case for Open Access
- More Companies Bypassing Electric Grid Inefficiencies With Fuel Cells
- Their Mission: To Build a Better Toilet
- Scientist Converts Human Skin Cells Into Functional Brain Cells
- Rare-disease studies seek online giving
- CARE, in Return to Roots, Will Offer Virtual Packages
- A Farm on Every Floor
- Tasting the Light: Device Lets the Blind “See” with Their Tongues
- A $1 Million Research Bargain for Netflix, and Maybe a Model for Others
- Farming the Future
- In Cybertherapy, Avatars Assist With Healing
- Is a Food Revolution Now in Season?
- How a Mild Virus Might Turn Vicious
- Mining the Seafloor for Rare-Earth Minerals
- Street Farmer
- ‘Athens’ on the Net
- Who Owns Green Tech?
- Sharing of Data Leads to Progress on Alzheimer’s
- Merely Human? That’s So Yesterday
- What happened to the global economy and what we can do about it Where Are We Again? (Pre-G20 Pittsburgh summit)
- New Programs Aim to Lure Young Into Digital Jobs
- Cell Phones Become Handheld Tools For Global Development
Dramatic increases in exposure to toxic chemicals in the last four decades are threatening human reproduction and health, according to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), the first global reproductive health organization to take a stand on human exposure to toxic chemicals.
According to Di Renzo, reproductive health professionals “Witness first-hand the increasing numbers of health problems facing their patients, and preventing exposure to toxic chemicals can reduce this burden on women, children and families around the world.” Miscarriage and still birth, impaired fetal growth, congenital malformations, impaired or reduced neurodevelopment and cognitive function, and an increase in cancer, attention problems, ADHD behaviors and hyperactivity are among the list of poor health outcomes linked to chemicals such as pesticides, air pollutants, plastics, solvents and more, according to the FIGO opinion.
“What FIGO is saying is that physicians need to do more than simply advise patients about the health risks of chemical exposure,” said Jeanne A. Conry, MD, PhD, a co-author of the FIGO opinion and past president of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, which issued an opinion on chemicals and reproductive health in 2013.
“Given accumulating evidence of adverse health impacts related to toxic chemicals, including the potential for inter-generational harm, FIGO has wisely proposed a series of recommendations that health professionals can adopt to reduce the burden of unsafe chemicals on patients and communities,” said FIGO President Sabaratnam Arulkumaran, MBBS, who is also past president of the British Medical Association.
In response to drug-resistant “superbugs” that send millions of people to hospitals around the world, scientists are building tiny, “molecular drill bits” that kill bacteria by bursting through their protective cell walls.
They presented some of the latest developments on these drill bits, better known to scientists as antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), at the 247th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world’s largest scientific society.
The meeting, which features more than 10,000 scientific reports across disciplines from energy to medicine, continues here through Thursday.
One of the researchers in the search for new ways to beat pathogenic bacteria is Georges Belfort, Ph.D. He and his team have been searching for a new therapy against the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB). It’s a well-known, treatable disease, but resistant strains are cropping up. The World Health Organization estimates that about 170,000 people died from multidrug-resistant TB in 2012.
“If the bacteria build resistance to all current treatments, you’re dead in the water,” said Belfort, who is at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
To avoid this dire scenario, scientists are developing creative ways to battle the disease. In ongoing research, Belfort’s group together with his wife, Marlene Belfort, and her group at the University at Albany are trying to dismantle bacteria from within. They also decided to attack it from the outside.
An international team of experts reported today that evidence linking hormone-mimicking chemicals to human health problems has grown stronger over the past decade
An international team of experts reported today that evidence linking hormone-mimicking chemicals to human health problems has grown stronger over the past decade, becoming a “global threat” that should be addressed.
The report is a joint effort by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme to give policymakers the latest information on chemicals that alter the hormones of people and wildlife.
Much has changed since 2002 when WHO and the UN released a report that called the evidence linking endocrine-disrupting chemicals to human health impacts “weak.”
The panel of 16 scientists from 10 nations in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia found that endocrine-related diseases and disorders are on the rise. There is now “emerging evidence for adverse reproductive outcomes” and “mounting evidence” for effects on thyroids, brains and metabolism, according to the report summary.
“Over the past decade, we know much better that chronic diseases, ones related to the endocrine system, are increasing globally,” said Thomas Zoeller, a professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and a co-author of the report.
Such diseases include male reproductive problems, pregnancy complications, certain cancers, obesity and brain development. Many factors can cause such diseases, but the report concludes that given how fast some of these are rising, environmental chemicals are likely playing a role.
Fetuses, babies and young children “are not just little adults” and are the most vulnerable to hormone-altering chemicals since their bodies are still developing, the authors wrote.
Zoeller said the goal of the report is to update world leaders on a topic that is complex and, at times, controversial.
A decade ago the biggest threat was thought to be persistent organic pollutant chemicals – such as DDT and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). These chemicals – now banned in the United States — traveled the globe, persisted in the environment and caused severe population declines in some wildlife species.
Such contaminants still pose a threat. However, less persistent but more ubiquitous chemicals found in everyday products – such as bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates – now are increasingly linked to human health problems.
“These chemicals are what we call ‘pseudo persistent,” said Tracey Woodruff, a professor at the University of California, San Francisco, and a report co-author. “They don’t stay in the environment long but people are exposed to them all the time so it’s the same effect as if they were persistent.”