The University of Tokyo (東京大学 Tōkyō daigaku?), abbreviated as Todai (東大 Tōdai?), is a research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.
The University has 10 faculties with a total of around 30,000 students, 2,100 of whom are foreign. Its five campuses are in Hongō, Komaba, Kashiwa, Shirokane and Nakano. It is the first of Japan’s National Seven Universities, and is considered the most prestigious university in Japan. It ranks as the highest in Asia and 21st in the world according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013.
The university was chartered by the Meiji government in 1877 under its current name by amalgamating older government schools for medicine and Western learning. It was renamed “the Imperial University (帝國大學 Teikoku daigaku?)” in 1886, and then Tokyo Imperial University (東京帝國大學 Tōkyō teikoku daigaku?) in 1897 when the Imperial University system was created. In September 1923, an earthquake and the following fires destroyed about 700,000 volumes of the Imperial University Library. The books lost included the Hoshino Library (星野文庫 Hoshino bunko?), a collection of about 10,000 books. The books were the former possessions of Hoshino Hisashi before becoming part of the library of the university and were mainly about Chinese philosophy and history.
In 1947, after Japan’s defeat in World War II, it re-assumed its original name. With the start of the new university system in 1949, Todai swallowed up the former First Higher School (today’s Komaba campus) and the former Tokyo Higher School, which thenceforth assumed the duty of teaching first- and second-year undergraduates, while the faculties on Hongo main campus took care of third- and fourth-year students.
Although the university was founded during the Meiji period, it has earlier roots in the Astronomy Agency (天文方; 1684), Shoheizaka Study Office (昌平坂学問所; 1797), and the Western Books Translation Agency (蕃書和解御用; 1811). These institutions were government offices established by the 徳川幕府 Tokugawa shogunate (1603–1867), and played an important role in the importation and translation of books from Europe.
Kikuchi Dairoku, an important figure in Japanese education, served as president of Tokyo Imperial University.
For the 1964 Summer Olympics, the university hosted the running portion of the modern pentathlon event.
On 20 January 2012, Todai announced that it would shift the beginning of its academic year from April to September to align its calendar with the international standard. The shift would be phased in over five years.
According to the Japan Times, the university had 1,282 professors in February 2012. Of those, 58 were women.
The Latest Updated Research News:
University of Tokyo research articles from Innovation Toronto
- Testing biochemical reactions moves discovery from months and years to days – June 21, 2016
- Ultrathin organic material enhances e-skin display and could eventually eliminate the need to carry electronic devices – April 18, 2016
- A possible cure for allergies – September 11, 2015
- Discovery of a “heat-storage ceramic” – July 18, 2015
- New conductive ink for electronic apparel – June 28, 2015
- New synthetic technology for medicines and fine chemicals – April 19, 2015
- A repulsive material – December 31, 2014
- New Implanted Devices May Reshape Medicine – May 14, 2014
- The University of Tokyo reveals next generation cargo ship concept with 50m high sails uses 30% less fuel
- Japanese Team Dominates Competition to Create Rescue Robots
- Georgia Tech Develops Inkjet-Based Circuits at Fraction of Time and Cost
- Downloadable Soil Sensors Can Be Printed by Local Farmers
- New bird flu strain seen adapting to mammals, humans
- Scientists spin cells into thread form
- Creating a Coating of Water-Repellent Microscopic Particles to Keep Ice Off Airplanes
- NOROROT robotic vehicle could lead to stair-climbing wheelchairs by 2017
- Ultrafast Camera Renews Promise of Blood Test for Early Cancer Detection
- Honda Develops Successful Traffic Jam Detector
- Microsoft HoloDesk lets users handle virtual 3D objects
- PossessedHand controls hand movement with electrical stimulation
- Video: the state of the art in robot perception and dexterity
- World’s first 25Gbps data communication using Quantum Dot Laser achieved